What is UNFPA ?
- UNFPA Executive Director
UNFPA is the lead UN agency for delivering a world where every pregnancy is wanted, every childbirth is safe and every young person’s potential is fulfilled.
UNFPA is currently operating in more than 150 countries and territories around the world. UNFPA especially works on Goals 3 “Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages” and 5 “Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls” of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and utilizes population data in order to research and predict the needs of developmental countries and works to achieve these goals. UNFPA also works on capacity development of local partners through guidance, training, and support. As a basis, UNFPA promotes sexual and reproductive health/rights for women and young people as a crucial factor necessary for development.
Since UNFPA started in 1969, the number and ratio of women dying from complications of pregnancy or childbirth has been halved. Families are smaller and healthier. Young people are more connected and empowered than ever before.
Message from UNFPA Tokyo Office
UNFPA works to accelerate progress on the International Conference on Population and Development Programme of Action (ICPD) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). To address the world’s population issues, UNPFA focuses on achieving universal access to reproductive health services and information, reducing maternal mortality, etc., while advocating for human rights and gender equality.
The ability to freely choose the number and spacing of births, and access related information and services are the underlying determinants of population issues. At the 1994 ICPD in Cairo, these “Reproductive Rights” were recognized and endorsed internationally as essential to addressing population issues.
Through these activities, UNFPA promotes reproductive health/rights, and contributes to poverty reduction, and environmental measures.
UNFPA works closely with various development partners, including international organizations, governments, civil society organizations, and NGOs. Japan is an important partner, and is one of the major donors to UNFPA. Japan promotes the Universal Health College (UHC), which aims to “ensure that all people obtain the health services they need without suffering financial hardship”. UHC was included in the SDGs (target 3.8), and has now become a universal goal.
UNFPA also works to achieve SDG 3 (target 3.7) to “ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes”. This is in line with the UHC and is the principle of reproductive rights, which UNFPA focuses on. Reproductive rights is part of SDG 5 (target 5.6) to “ensure universal access to sexual reproductive health/rights”, enabling women to freely choose the number and spacing of births, and to have access to sufficient information and health services.
The world population reached 7 billion in 2011, and is projected to exceed 9.7 billion in 2050. Behind this, there is the fact that approximately 225 million women in developing countries who wish to delay or avoid pregnancy are unable to receive safe and effective contraceptives through reproductive health services and information. If all women have access to reproductive health services such as family planning, more than 100,000 lives of pregnant women could be saved every year.
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Tokyo Office
UNU Headquarters Bldg. 7F, 5-53-70, Jingumae, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo, 150-0001, Japan
Tel：03-5467-4684 ／ Fax：03-5467-8556