What is ILO ?
- ILO Director-General
The International Labour Organization (ILO) is devoted to advancing opportunities for women and men to obtain decent and productive work in conditions of freedom, equity, security and human dignity. Its main aims are to encourage decent employment opportunities, enhance social protection, strengthen dialogue in handling work-related issues, and to promote rights at work. ILO is the only “tripartite” United Nations agency in that it brings together representatives of governments, employers and workers to jointly shape policies and programmes.
Message from ILO Office for Japan
Established in 1919 together with the League of Nations, ILO is an international organization with long history and tradition, which will celebrate its centenary in 2019. The ILO, one of the specialized agencies of the United Nations, aims to bring peace through realizing social justice, and carries out such activities as developing international labour standards and monitoring their application as well as technical cooperation activities in the field of social and labour. Back in 1969, ILO was awarded Nobel Peace Prize for its contribution toward social justice and world peace.
Japan is a founding member of the ILO, and is a very important partner for the ILO. Representatives of Government, Employers and Workers are playing active roles as members of its Governing Body. It has provided financial and technical support to ILO’s technical cooperation programmes. Towards better working environment at the global level, Japan is making efforts in sharing experience and lessons learned. Furthermore, its contribution to human resources will be expected.
We are still confronted with many challenges in the field of employment and labour issues worldwide. Especially in developing countries, employment opportunities are insufficient, and there exist a number of working poor who cannot obtain sufficient income from their jobs, and workers in the informal economy to whom social protection nor labour laws are applied. Human rights violations including child labour and forced labour, workers faced with discrimination, interference in trade union activities are also issues to be tackled. With globalization, supply chains have become increasingly complex, involving workers and enterprises around the world.
Realizing “Decent Work for All” is the ILO’s agenda. In 2015, UN member states have agreed the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development. The importance of decent work in achieving sustainable development is highlighted by SDG 8 which aims to “promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all”.
“Poverty anywhere constitutes a danger to prosperity everywhere” is a phrase in the Declaration of Philadelphia adopted in 1944. ILO has launched centenary projects, including the future of work initiative to understand and to respond effectively to the world of work ongoing changes. We will advance its mandate for social justice and peace, and make progress towards realizing “Decent Work for All.”